Stress, Trauma, and the Brain: Insights for Educators–How Stress Impacts the Brain

Two forms of trauma-focused cognitive-behavior therapy (TF-CBT) have been shown to be effective in treating the trauma-related disorders. Prolonged exposure therapy is an effective variant of CBT that treats both anxiety and trauma-related disorders. Therapist create a safe environment to “expose” the patient to the thing(s) they fear and avoid. The exposure to the feared objects, activities, or situations in a safe environment helps reduce fear and decrease avoidance.
In cognitive processing therapy (CPT) the therapist seeks to help the client gain an understanding of the traumatic event and take control of distressing thoughts and feelings associated with it. CPT explores how the traumatic event has affected your life and skills needed to challenge maladaptive thoughts related to the trauma.