An estimated 55.4 million peopleTrusted Source passed away worldwide in 2019, and 74% of these deaths were because of noncommunicable diseases, or chronic conditions that progress slowly.
The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD).
Also called ischemic heart disease, CAD occursTrusted Source when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. Untreated CAD can lead to chest pain, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
Risk factors for CAD includeTrusted Source:
- high blood pressure
- high cholesterol
- family history of CAD
- having overweight
Talk with a doctor or healthcare professional if you have one or more of these risk factors.
You can prevent CAD with medications and by taking steps to improve heart health. Some of the ways you can decrease your risk include:
- exercising regularly
- reaching or maintaining a moderate weight
- eating a balanced diet that’s low in sodium and high in fruits and vegetables
- avoiding smoking, if applicable
- drinking only in moderation