- Diet: The Japanese diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in red meat and processed foods. These foods are all good for heart health, which is one of the leading causes of death in many countries.
- Physical activity: The Japanese are known for their active lifestyles. Many people walk or bike to work, and they also participate in a variety of sports and leisure activities. Exercise helps to keep the body healthy and strong, and it can also help to reduce stress levels.
- Social support: The Japanese have a strong sense of community and social support. They often live close to their families and friends, and they rely on each other for help and companionship. This social support can help to reduce stress and promote a sense of well-being.
- Stress management: The Japanese have a number of cultural practices that help them to manage stress, such as meditation, tai chi, and yoga. These practices can help to reduce the harmful effects of stress on the body and mind.
- Access to healthcare: Japan has a universal healthcare system that provides affordable and high-quality care to all citizens. This means that everyone has access to the preventive care and treatment they need to stay healthy.
- Good genes: There is some evidence that the Japanese may have genetic advantages that contribute to their longevity. However, this is still a matter of debate.
It is important to note that the Japanese are not the only people who live long lives. There are many other countries with high life expectancies, such as Switzerland, Iceland, and Singapore. However, Japan is the only country where the life expectancy has been consistently increasing for many years. This suggests that there is something unique about the Japanese lifestyle that is conducive to longevity.
It is also important to note that the Japanese are not immune to disease and death. However, they are less likely to die from chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke than people in other countries. This is likely due to the combination of factors mentioned above, such as their diet, physical activity, social support, and stress management practices.