• Limit saturated and trans fats: These are found in fatty meats, processed foods, fried foods, and baked goods. Replace them with healthier fats like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in olive oil, nuts, avocados, and fatty fish.
  • Increase fiber intake: Fiber helps bind cholesterol in the gut and prevent its absorption. Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
  • Reduce added sugar: High sugar intake can contribute to higher cholesterol levels. Be mindful of sugary drinks, desserts, and processed foods.
  • Consider plant sterols: These plant-based compounds can help lower LDL (“bad”) cholesterol. They are found in fortified foods like yogurt, margarine, and orange juice.

Lifestyle changes:

  • Exercise regularly: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week. This can help lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL (“good”) cholesterol.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can increase cholesterol levels. Losing even a small amount of weight can make a difference.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and increases cholesterol levels. Quitting is one of the best things you can do for your heart health.
  • Manage stress: Chronic stress can contribute to unhealthy lifestyle choices and higher cholesterol levels. Practice relaxation techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing.


If lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough to lower your cholesterol to a healthy level, your doctor may prescribe medication. Statins are the most common type of cholesterol-lowering medication. They work by blocking the liver’s production of cholesterol.

Additional tips:

  • Get regular checkups: Your doctor can monitor your cholesterol levels and recommend the best approach for you.
  • Talk to a registered dietitian: They can help you create a personalized eating plan to lower your cholesterol levels.
  • Join a support group: Connecting with others who are also trying to lower their cholesterol can be helpful and motivating.

Remember, it’s important to talk to your doctor before making any major changes to your diet or lifestyle, especially if you have any underlying health conditions. They can help you create a safe and effective plan to lower your cholesterol and improve your heart health.

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