The Case for Sunlight in COVID 19 Patients: Oxidative Stress

Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is not only rapidly spreading but has become a global pandemic that affects many, including developing countries with limited resources (Singhal, 2020). In fact, even the currently affected developed countries are overwhelmed in their fight against Covid-19 (Bénassy-Quéré et al., 2020Heymann and Shindo, 2020Saglietto et al., 2020). It is considered that most developing countries will face more challenges than developed countries in curbing the spread of Covid-19 in their regions, causing them to potentially evolve into the new epicenter of the pandemic, and Indonesia is not exempted (Hopman et al., 2020).

Covid-19 is caused by a type of influenza virus that suppresses the body’s immune system so that the viruses can grow in the respiratory tissues and organs (Shi et al., 2020Xu et al., 2020). In this situation, individuals who are elderly or with prior comorbidities are more vulnerable to the severe effects of Covid-19 due to inadequate immune systems (Garnier-Crussard et al., 2020Le Couteur et al., 2020Morley and Vellas, 2020). Besides that, inadequate healthcare management, such as failure to provide early diagnosis and prompt treatment, would decrease the rate of recovery among Covid-19 patients (Greenhalgh et al., 2020Hopman et al., 2020).