- Identify the cause of the allergy. The first step is to figure out what is causing your dog’s allergies. This could be something in their environment, such as pollen, dust mites, or mold, or it could be something in their diet, such as a food additive or a certain protein. Once you know the cause, you can start to avoid it.
- Keep your dog’s skin clean and dry. Wet skin can trap allergens and irritate your dog’s skin even more. Bathe your dog regularly with a mild shampoo and towel-dry them thoroughly.
- Use an oatmeal bath. Oatmeal is a natural anti-inflammatory that can help to soothe your dog’s itchy skin. You can either add oatmeal to your dog’s bathwater or use an oatmeal-based shampoo.
- Apply a topical treatment. There are a number of over-the-counter topical treatments that can help to relieve itching and inflammation. These treatments usually contain hydrocortisone or another anti-inflammatory medication.
- Give your dog an antihistamine. If your dog’s itching is severe, your veterinarian may prescribe an antihistamine. Antihistamines work by blocking the effects of histamine, a chemical that is released during an allergic reaction.
- Change your dog’s diet. If your dog’s allergies are food-related, you may need to change their diet. This can be a challenge, but it is important to find a food that does not contain the allergens that are triggering your dog’s allergies.
- Avoid environmental triggers. If your dog’s allergies are triggered by something in their environment, such as pollen or dust mites, you can try to avoid those triggers. This may mean keeping your dog indoors during allergy season or using air purifiers to remove allergens from the air.
If your dog’s itching is severe or does not improve with home treatment, you should see a veterinarian. They can help you to identify the cause of your dog’s allergies and develop a treatment plan.
Here are some additional tips:
- Be sure to brush your dog’s coat regularly to remove loose hair and dander, which can trigger allergies.
- Provide your dog with a comfortable place to sleep that is free of dust mites and other allergens.
- If your dog is overweight, losing weight can help to reduce itching.
- Talk to your veterinarian about other potential treatments, such as immunotherapy or laser therapy.
With proper care, most dogs with itchy and allergic skin can live comfortably.